Middle East Cubits “built” ancient Mesoamerica.

A-48 AAF web

 Cubit measuring rods of Babylonian Cubit (49.5 cm.) and Egyptian Cubit (52.5 cm.). Archaeologist Garth Norman discovered that ancient builders of the Izapa Temple Center and throughout Mesoamerica used Middle East measurements to construct primary structures and monuments: the Olmec (2000-500 BC), Izapan (500 BC-1000 AD), and Maya (200-1000 AD) antiquities (see map).    

a - 0 -- Olmec trade routes 2000 BC2          (Olmec Sites & Trade Routes Map: 2001 Facts on File, Inc.)            

Olmeca Geo+VGN

Measure - La Venta





(1) Stone head – Olmec Geometry and measure: 49.5 cm. Babylonian Cubit. (2) Garth Norman measuring figures at 49.5 cm. at La Venta, Mexico that dates 1000 BC.


Laguna de Los Cerros, Mexico (left) and Asyrian wheel (right). The diameter of all the circles is 1/2 Egyptian cubit. LEFT-Olmec stone box. RIGHT Asyrian Chariot wheel.

A - 0 -- Mesoamerican civilizations2

       Olmec, Maya, Aztec antiquities in Mesoamerica;           (misscollishawsocialstudies6.cmswiki.wikispaces.net)

Izapa Temple Center Model by Garth NormanMeridian G-20Left: Model of Izapa, So. Mexico Temple Center (ca.500 BC). Right: Geometry and Babylonian cubit are the design of the main Center.  Plans for the design of temples employed geometry, standard measure, astronomy and surveying. At the center is a massive pyramid oriented to the ZENITH passage sunrises on August 13 and April 30.  

BofM Mesoamerican Intro-VGN 070S 89 + codo

Left: Stela 5 Tree of Life stone-Izapa, Mexico (ca.400 BC) with Babylonian cubit measurements.  Right: Izapa Stela 89 with both Babylonian and Egyptian cubits within its geometric design.


Above: Teotihuacan, Mexico (ca.100 AD). Measurements are Babylonian cubits.  

img062Mearues - Oaxaca figure

Left: Teotihuacan, Mexico (ca.100 AD) –  Babylonian cubits.     Right: Oaxaca, Mexico – Forearms = Babylonian cubits (Museo Nacional de Mexico).

Palenque measurePalenque measure 2

Palenque, Mexico – 100 AD – Babylonian cubits were used to measure carvings and buildings. 

Measure - Guatemalaimg_092

Left: Guatemala Maya forearm = Babylonian cubit (200 AD). Right: Maya stone foot measures half a Babylonian cubit. 

Aztec Cal Stone geo-meas

Aztec Calendar stone (1300-1600 AD) of Central Mexico. with Mideastern Golden Mandala geometry.

A - 0 -- Babylon in MId-East2Middle East Antiquities Map – Mesopotamia+Babylon (orange) www.timemaps.com


Left: Statue of King Gudea of Babylon (2500 BC) who established the Middle East standard measure of 49.5 cm. with his forearm.   Right: Ancient Middle East mariners were depicted at 2000 BC with 49.5 cm. Babylonian Cubit measurements.

2 thoughts on “Middle East Cubits “built” ancient Mesoamerica.”

  1. I read your book on the The Parowan Gap years ago and I bought your booklet on Izapa Stella 5 at the recent Book of Mormon Archaeology conference in Provo. I have a flyer for the Ancient America Foundation which mentions newsletters and classes in May, so I am inquiring about those. As for me, I am a convert of 61 years and have lived nearly all my life near the Mississippi River. I have visited nearly all of the Mound Builders sites and many major sites in Mexico. My wife and I are friends of Mark Allen Wright and agree with his Hinterland theory. We love the Book of Mormon and are interested in what you have to offer,Sincerely Randy and Robyn Amis

    1. Randy,
      I have recently returned from a trip to Guatemala and Mexico. I am working on a Visitor Center at Izapa, Mexico where the Stela 5 Tree of Life monument is located. I am making plans to begin classes in September. Before these classes can begin, I am finishing another book and making Stela 5 replicas. I will email details for the classes in August.

      I agree with Mark Allen Wright–Mesoamerica is where the Book of Mormon people dwelt. There were numerous migrations both to North and South America (Alma 63 and Helaman 3).

      Thank you for your March communication.
      Garth Norman

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