The first Gentile Spanish invaders came to the American continent in 1519 with the express purpose of conquering and enslaving the natives in Central America, then North and South America.
These Spanish Conquistadors burned the libraries of the natives and subjected the Aztec natives to enslavement. This began the “New Spain” colonization of the Americas: Mexico & Central America (1519), Western North America (1550), South America (1532). Besides perishing in battles, 90 % of the native Americans died from the diseases the Conquistadors brought with them. (1)
1N 13:14 “And it came to pass that I beheld many multitudes of the Gentiles upon the land of promise; and I beheld the wrath of God, that it was upon the seed of my brethren; and they were scattered before the Gentiles and were smitten.”
2 Nephi 26: 15, 18-19 -The prophecies of the Book of Mormon are fulfilled in this Spanish Conquest history with the subjection of the seed of Lehi which was scattered from Central America to parts of North and South America.
Mormon 5:20–“They [Lamanites] shall be driven and scattered by the Gentiles, and after they have been driven and scattered by the Gentiles, behold, then will the Lord remember the covenant which he made unto Abraham and unto all the house of Israel.”
Christopher Columbus (1450-1506) made four voyages to the New World under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain never landing on any of the mainlands of the Americas, but landing in the Caribbean islands–1492 Canary Islands to San Salvador, 1493 Canary Islands to Dominica, 1498-Canary Islands and Cape Verde, 1502- Island of Martinique to Santo Domingo.
Spanish Conquistadors – 1519 followed Columbus’ explorations landing first on the mainland of Central America and establishing the New Spain in the Americas 1519 – 1590. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_colonization_of_the_Americas
First they conquered the Aztecs of Central Mexico (1519-1521), then natives in Yucatan 1551-1697, the Guatemala Mayas (1525-1697), then in the Chichimeca War they conquered the natives of Northern Mexico (1550-1590). (Map “Nueva Espana” 1795 by Trasamundo from wikipedia.) By 1535 the main red areas of North America were designated “Viceroyalties of New Spain. In their conquests of the Indians (“indios”) of the New World, the Spanish Conquistadors burned libraries and books of the natives that they claimed were evil. Therefore the records of these natives are lost, except for the stone monuments in ancient Temple Centers that are aligned astronomically to cycles of the sun, moon, stars and Venus which give the data for the calendar systems of the ancient inhabitants of the land.
In 1532 the Conquistadors invaded South American regions beginning at Peru (Cajamarca) and fought as ferociously as they did with the Aztecs of Mexico in 1519. It took them 10 years to conquer the Peruvian Indians. Columbia was invaded in 1537, and Paraguay in 1541 expanding the Spanish New World Empire from North to South America.
Small peaceful religious groups began arriving on the East coast of North America around 1548. By 1620, more than 100 years after the Spanish conquests and enslavement of native Americans, the pilgrims who were escaping religious persecution in England along with numerous other European religious groups arrived in North America along the East coast–a great distance from the Spanish territories in the West, Central America and South America. These pilgrims did not come to conquer natives, but worked to live in peace with them. Some natives started wars, but many more died from diseases brought by the immigrants.
Fulfillment of Prophecy: 1 Nephi 13: 12-20; 2 Nephi 26: 15,18-19
1N 13:12 “I beheld the spirit of God, that it came down and wrought upon the man; and he went forth upon the many waters, even unto the seed of my brethren, who were in the promised land”. . . .1N 13:14 “And it came to pass that I beheld many multitudes of the Gentiles upon the land of promise; and I beheld the wrath of God, that it was upon the seed of my brethren; and they were scattered before the Gentiles and were smitten.”
1N 13:13 “And it came to pass that I beheld the Spirit of God, that it wrought upon other Gentiles; and they went forth out of captivity, upon the many waters.”
2 N 26: 15 “After my seed and the seed of my brethren shall have dwindled in unbelief, and shall have been smitten by the Gentiles; yea, after the Lord God shall have camped against them round about, and shall have laid siege against them with a mount, and raised forts against them; and after they shall have been brought down low in the dust, even that they are not, yet the words of the righteous shall be written, and the prayers of the faithful shall be heard, and all those who have dwindled in unbelief shall not be forgotten.”
2N 26:18-19 “Wherefore, as those who have been destroyed have been destroyed speedily; and the multitude of their terrible ones shall be as chaff that passeth away–yea, thus saith the Lord God: It shall be at an instant, suddenly–19 And it shall come to pass, that those who have dwindled in unbelief shall be smitten by the hand of the Gentiles.”
In the 1400’s the Reformation began in Europe;1492 Columbus discovered America, followed in 1519 by the first Gentiles–the Spanish Conquistadors who came to Central American to conquer the natives, burning their libraries and sacred records, and enslaving them.
In the mid 1500’s – 1600’s small groups of peaceful religious people who were fleeing religious persecution in the northern European countries, came to the east coast of North America, but not to conquer the native people as the Spanish Conquistadors did in Middle America and the western part of North America. The native people of the eastern sections of North America retained their unique, individual tribal status, unlike the natives of Middle America (up through Western North America) and many in South America. 90% of deaths among the natives in the eastern North America from pilgrim immigrants was from European diseases, and a few wars.
(1) Non-LDS molecular anthropologist Dr. Michael Crawford noted that the Spanish Conquest, . . .squeezed the entire Amerindian population through a genetic bottleneck. . . .This population reduction has forever altered the genetics of the surviving groups, thus complicating any attempts at reconstructing the pre-Columbian genetic structure of most New World groups. Michael Crawford, The Origins of Native Americans: Evidence from Anthropological Genetics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998). Meridian Magazine: www.ldsmag.com “The DNA Challenge to the Book of Mormon that Fizzled” by Michael R. Ash, September 13, 2015.