WELCOME TO THE AAF (ANCIENT AMERICA FOUNDATION).

AAF publications provide evidence for authenticity of the Book of Mormon.

You can now be part of 50 years of archaeological research and study on the historicity of the Book of Mormon by participating in the AAF web site and through E-mail.

In April of 1949, the University Archaeology Society was organized as a nonprofit organization. The principals of the society were M. Wells Jakeman, Irene Briggs Woodford, Bruce Warren, and other archaeologists associated with Brigham Young University as well as other students and scholars interested in the geography, culture, language, and history of the peoples of the Book of Mormon.

In 1962, the name was changed from University Archaeological Society to Society for Early Historic Archaeology (SEHA). To align the society more closely with Book of Mormon research and Maya studies, the name has now become ANCIENT AMERICA FOUNDATION (AAF).

The objective of AAF is to draw on past research of Book of Mormon studies and to digest and disseminate information derived from both Latter-day Saint and non-Latter-day Saint scholars of ancient Mesoamerica in an attempt to understand the geography and culture surrounding the ancient text of the Book of Mormon.

Many Latter-day Saints and non-Latter-day Saints are unaware of the painstaking and detailed research that has been conducted over the past 50 years in Mesoamerica (southern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, and El Salvador).

Furthermore, most Latter-day Saints are uninformed as to the unanimity of Latter-day Saint Scholars in terms of Book of Mormon studies. For example, did you know that the main place where a written language existed during the time period of the Book of Mormon (600 BC to AD 400) was in Mesoamerica (Preclassic)?

A few uninformed Latter-day Saints continue to promote other areas, such as Peru or the northeastern part of the United States, as "lands of the Book of Mormon." Doing so merely confuses the study of the Book of Mormon. Emotionalism occurs from sentiments of anti-Mormons, who in turn attack statements that are not well founded in scientific study.

AAF endeavors to inform and answer questions of both aforementioned groups and to specifically promote current scholarship on Book of Mormon studies in relation to Mesoamerica.

DID YOU KNOW THAT BETWEEN 75 PERCENT AND 100 PERCENT OF LATTER-DAY SAINT MESOAMERICAN SCHOLARS AGREE ON OVER 20 MAJOR SITE IDENTIFICATIONS? SOME AREAS OF AGREEMENT ARE THE FOLLOWING:

1. Mesoamerica as the Land of the Book of Mormon.

2. The location of the Hill Ramah/Cumorah in Veracruz, Mexico.

3. The association of the narrow neck of land with the Isthmus of Tehuantepec.

4. The narrow strip of wilderness along the Sierra de las Minas and the Cuchamatanes Mountains that separate the Guatemala highlands from Chiapas and the Guatemala lowlands.

5. A favorable identification between the ancient Jaredites and the Olmecs of the Gulf Coast of Mexico.

6. The location of the land of Nephi in the highlands of Guatemala.

The material in both the Web site and the E-mail has been reviewed, edited and approved by our AAF editorial board consisting of Bruce Warren, Garth Norman and Alan Miner.

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Copyright 1999, Ancient America Foundation. This message may be forwarded with identifying information but MAY NOT BE POSTED IN A PUBLIC FORUM. For more information or to subscribe to the AAF Online Mailing list visit: http://www.ancientamerica.org. Refer comments or questions to web@mail.ancientamerica.org.

Why Mesoamerica Fits Book of Mormon Geography

By Alan Miner

 

The name "Mesoamerica" is a term used to identify the heartland of a number of significant pre-Columbian cultures. The area of Mesoamerica encompasses many of the states of southern Mexico, and most of the countries of Central America, including Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and part of Costa Rica. It is bounded on the north by the Gulf of Mexico, on the east by the Caribbean Sea, and on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean. The unique geographical and cultural characteristics of the "promised land" central to the story of the Book of Mormon favor the area of Mesoamerica for the following reasons:

 

1. The Distance between the land of Nephi and the land of Zarahemla:

Around 61 percent of the whole Book of Mormon story take place in and around Nephi and Zarahemla. Alma the Elder's group, with their flocks and herds, took a few more than 21 days to traverse the distance between these two lands. This means that 61 percent of the Book of Mormon (about 600 years of history) probably took place within a 200 to 400-mile radius. All the necessary population centers, cultures, written languages, bodies of water, wilderness areas, and strategic landmarks such as the narrow neck of land had to be circumscribed within or close to that 400-mile radius. These dimensions fit the area of Mesoamerica.

 

2. Multiple Advanced Cultures:

The Jaredite culture lived from about 2500 to 300 B.C. The Lamanite, Nephite, and Mulekite cultures flourished between 600 B.C. and 400 A.D. The Lamanite culture continued after 400 A.D. The main place where corresponding cultures and population centers flourished during these times was in Mesoamerica. The Mesoamerican cultures date from approximately 2500 B.C. to 1500 A.D. These civilizations include the Lowland and Highland Maya, the Olmec culture, the Zapotec culture, and the Valley of Mexico core culture.

 

3. A Written Language:

The Nephites kept written records: that is why we have the Book of Mormon. We know that in the last battles between the Nephites and Lamanites, the Nephites wrote to the Lamanite king and received a response (Mormon 6:2‑3). At present, it seems that the only place on the continent where there was a phonetic written language at the time of the Book of Mormon was in Mesoamerica.

 

4. Many Cities:

At present, 90% of the significant culturally advanced archaeological sites from Book of Mormon times are located in Mesoamerica.

 

5. Bodies of Water:

Within the Book of Mormon, the following bodies of water must be accounted for: the river Sidon (Alma 2:15), the waters of Sidon, the waters of Mormon (Mosiah 18:8), the waters of Sebus (Alma 26:34), the-land of pure water (Mosiah 23:4), the land of many waters (Mosiah 8:8), the place where the sea divides the land (Ether 10:20), the waters of Ripliancum (Ether 15:8), the large bodies of water in the land which was northward, the sea south (Helaman 3:8), the sea north (Helaman 3:8), the sea west (Alma 22:27), and the sea east (Alma 22:27). Mesoamerica has bodies of water which fit the descriptions in the Book of Mormon.

 

6. Wilderness Areas:

The Promised Land was apparently rugged enough that at least the following wilderness areas must be accounted for: an unspecified wilderness that Nephi, Mosiah, Limhi, Ammon, and Alma wandered in for many days; a west wilderness (Alma 22:28), a wilderness of Hermounts (Alma 2:37), a south wilderness (Alma 22:31), a north wilderness (Alma 22:27), a narrow strip of wilderness which "ran from the sea east even to the sea west" (Alma 22:27), and an east wilderness (Alma 25:5). More significantly, the term wilderness seems to be equated with mountainous terrain. Mesoamerica is the only place on the continent with a mountain range running from an east sea to a west sea.

 

7. Small Neck - Narrow Neck- Narrow Pass - Narrow Passage:

The Book of Mormon scriptures make reference to "a small neck of land" (Alma 22:32), a narrow neck of land" (Alma 63:5; Ether 10:20), "a narrow pass" (Alma 50:34; 4 Nephi 3:5), and "a narrow passage" (4 Nephi 2:29) all of which seem to be of strategic importance. These "small neck - narrow neck - narrow pass - narrow passage" terms are mentioned from Alma's time in (90 B.C.) to Mormon's time in 362 A.D. They are also linked to the Jaredite times. What would make these geographical areas strategically important over so many years?

In Mesoamerica, a narrow travel corridor stretches from the Pacific coast of Guatemala through the Isthmus of Tehuantepec to the Atlantic coast of Veracruz, Mexico. Almost all north-south land traffic and trade passed through this corridor from ancient (Jaredite) times until well past the end of Book of Mormon times (420 A-D.).